Monday, May 25, 2020
Introduction: (1.5-2) (Story on prisoner and his life after prison here) In 2014, the United States incarcerated 449,000 newly convicted offenders while releasing 636,300 inmates (Carson, 2015). Upon release, offenders were expected to be able to function back in society under parole supervision. This is not the case for many offenders. As they are released from prison, they lack the necessary skills, education, opportunities and support system to successfully reintegrate back into society (Petersilia, 2000; Travis Visher, 2003). In 2005, research showed that 67.8% of released prisoners were arrested for a new crime within 3 years, and 76.6% were arrested within 5 years (Cooper 2014). The high percentage of recidivism is overpopulating correctional facilities while producing a cycling effect for offenders. To attack the issue of recidivism this paper will address the following question: How does lack of support system and resulting poverty influence prisoner re-entry? What are some programs or policies we can incorporate to reduce recidivism? Recidivism can be better understood through the flaws of the United StatesÃ¢â¬â¢ prison industrial complex. The U.S. spends $6 towards correctional facilities for every $10 we spend on higher education (Pew Center on the States, 2008). Research from 2014 demonstrates that we house 2.4 million people into correctional facilities including: local jails, federal prisons, state prisons, juvenile detention centers, immigrant detentionShow MoreRelatedAnalysis Of Jean Valjean s Les Miserables 7860 Words Ã |Ã 32 Pagessaid, Ã¢â¬Å"He who opens a school door, closes a prison.Ã¢â¬ Such a brilliant reflection from this French poet and dramatist explored an astounding reality of life with one of his best-known works, Les Miserables (1862). In this play, Jean Valjean is a prisoner on parole who created a new life for himself with a great deal of time spent exploring the decision that changed his life (Hugo, 2015). Each year, thousands of adults all in the United States go to prison for crimes that may both minor and atrociousRead MoreAfrican American Male Enters The Criminal Judicial System, And A Generational Cycle Of Crime2127 Words Ã |Ã 9 Pagesincarcerated African American males, in comparison to Hispanic and White males. It is believed that social interaction, area of residency, and social networks have major influence on the increasing crime and incarceration rates of African American males. A larger portion of White males hold more positions within the U.S. Judicial system than African American males who make up a larger population of prison inmates and less involvement in legislation. This coincides with data suggesting that African AmericanÃ¢â¬â¢sRead MoreSSD2 Module 4 Notes Essay28478 Words Ã |Ã 114 Pagesdifferent status levels. Relative poverty Relative poverty is the difference of perceived wealth vis-Ã -vis others in the same society. Impression management Impression management is the active process of influencing how one is perceived by others. As a refresher, lets review the key concepts about culture. Culture is the primary determinant of human behavior. Culture determines your emotional responses to social situations. Your culture includes your language, which influences the way you think. You haveRead MoreÃ¢â¬Å"Violation of Human Rights in Police Custody with Reference to Evidence ActÃ¢â¬ 8119 Words Ã |Ã 33 Pageshuman rights violation in police custody. * How far the rights of a person in custody are protected by the international covenants, Constitution of India and other laws. * Why do police resort to third degree methods. ------------------------------------------------- Aim :- The researcher aims to be examined which are as follows: * How to strike a balance between the authority of police and protection of rights of Person in custody * How to modify the existing provisions of legislationsRead MoreThe Main Problems of Economic Development of Kazakhstans Regions11951 Words Ã |Ã 48 Pagesuse in accordance with the functions entrusted to them part of the social product in the form of money. Local finance is an important component of the financial system of the state. They include local budgets, special off-budget funds and finance businesses owned by local governments. Local budgets are the foundation of the budget system, which is not strengthened, it is impossible to radically improve the budgetary relations in accordance with the functions assigned to each level of government.Read MoreDeveloping Management Skills404131 Words Ã |Ã 1617 PagesRiver, New Jersey 07458. All rights reserved. Manufactured in the United States of America. This publication is protected by Copyright, and permission should be obtained from the publisher prior to any prohibited reproduction, storage in a retrieval system, or transmission in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or likewise. To obtain permission(s) to use material from this work, please submit a written request to Pearson Education, Inc., Permissions DepartmentRead MoreLangston Hughes Research Paper25309 Words Ã |Ã 102 Pageshad moved to Mexico to avoid segregation and racial injustice in the United States. As the manager of an electric company and owner of a ranch and mines, Jim expressed contempt for black Americans who continued to submit to segregation and live in poverty. Langston Hughes, 1933 (Library of Congress) Langston was not ashamed of being a black American. He had already written poems celebrating his heritage. He felt connected to the oppressed brown people of the world and hated his father for mistreatingRead MoreExploring Corporate Strategy - Case164366 Words Ã |Ã 658 Pages22/10/2007 11:54 Page 599 Guide to using the case studies The main text of this book includes 87 short illustrations and 15 case examples which have been chosen to enlarge speciÃ¯ ¬ c issues in the text and/or provide practical examples of how business and public sector organisations are managing strategic issues. The case studies which follow allow the reader to extend this linking of theory and practice further by analysing the strategic issues of speciÃ¯ ¬ c organisations in much greater depthRead MoreStephen P. Robbins Timothy A. Judge (2011) Organizational Behaviour 15th Edition New Jersey: Prentice Hall393164 Words Ã |Ã 1573 Pagespublishing as Prentice Hall. All rights reserved. Manufactured in the United States of America. This publication is protected by Copyright, and permission should be obtained from the publisher prior to any prohibited reproduction, storage in a retrieval system, or transmission in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, recording, or likewise. To obtain permission(s) to use materi al from this work, please submit a written request to Pearson Education, Inc., Permissions DepartmentRead MoreOne Significant Change That Has Occurred in the World Between 1900 and 2005. Explain the Impact This Change Has Made on Our Lives and Why It Is an Important Change.163893 Words Ã |Ã 656 PagesMcKeown 9 Ã¢â¬ ¢ 2 Twentieth-Century Urbanization: In Search of an Urban Paradigm for an Urban World Ã¢â¬ ¢ Howard Spodek 53 3 Women in the Twentieth-Century World Bonnie G. Smith 83 4 The Gendering of Human Rights in the International Systems of Law in the Twentieth Century Ã¢â¬ ¢ Jean H. Quataert 116 5 The Impact of the Two World Wars in a Century of Violence Ã¢â¬ ¢ John H. Morrow Jr. 161 6 Locating the United States in Twentieth-Century World History Ã¢â¬ ¢ Carl J. Guarneri 213
Thursday, May 14, 2020
Okonkwo as a Tragic Dero Is Okonkwo a tragic hero? To answer that question one must start by defining the term tragic hero first introduced by Aristotle. Aristotle defined a tragic hero simply as being a character fulfilling three different requirements. The character must be larger than life, and must have a high social standing. The character must also have ordinary human qualities, and must have a tragic flaw that leads to his downfall. In Chinua Achebes Things Fall Apart, all these characteristics are found in Okonkwo of Umuofia. The first characteristic of a tragic hero according to Aristotles definition is that the character must be larger than life. The character must be better or greater than his fellows in the senseÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦The second condition for a character to be a tragic hero according to Aristotle is that he should share common human qualities and concerns. He is a mixture of good characteristics and bad ones. Also, he must be someone that people can relate to, and, theref ore, must have the same human problems and must go through life with the same obstacles of ordinary people. This we can see when the author is describing Okonkwos feelings for Ikemefuna, a young boy who has been in his household as compensation to the village for a murdered citizen of Umuofia, Even Okonkwo himself became very fond of the boy --inwardly of course. Okonkwo never showed any emotions openly, unless it be the emotion of anger. To show affection was a sign of weakness; the only thing worth demonstrating was strength. He therefore treated Ikemefuna as he treated everybody else --with a heavy hand. But there was no doubt that he liked the boy. Sometimes when he went to the big village meetings or communal ancestral feasts he allowed Ikemefuna to accompany him, like a son, carrying his stool and his goatskin bag. And, indeed Ikemefuna called him father (Achebe, page 28) From this text we find out that Okonkwo actually had feelings of fondness and admiration toward Ikemefuna. This we see when Okonkwo
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
It is possible to notice differences in the climate behavior around the word. The elderly people from my hometown claim that today the sun burns more than in the time of their youth; in fact, scientists proove that the average of the patterns of precipitation, temperature, seassons, humudity, and wind of a region over a long period of time, have been abruptly changing through the years and causing several impacts in the earth. The prevision is that it will keep changing. The climate changing is one of the major negative effects of the Global Warming, which is the result of the excess of Greenhouse gases, that happens when the orange light released by the sunrays get in to the atmosphere and hits the ground (surface), reflecting InfraredÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦It also can harm the animal and vegetal spicies, extinguishing them in a worst scenario. Socially, as consequence of the loss of land it would result in crowded population and health implications: air polluiton, pests and diseases, and tremendous ease of propagation, as same as decrease the production of edible resources, less job oportunities for the population; therefore, adversely affect the global economy. There is no proof of how much countries need to reduce the production of Greenhouse gases, but since years ago that scientists have been studying attempts to solve te Global Warming and avoid or stop the climate changing. With the development of the technology, many countries start slowly replacing the old fashioned cars for electric cars to reduce the pollution, which is an example of use of alternative sources of energy. Use renewable energy such as wind, sun, hydro and geothermal energy, and reduce the coal burning from the industries, are plausible solutions too. In the year of 1997, in Kyoto, Japan, it was signed an agreement from over 191 countries with the exception of Andorra, Canada, United States, and Sudan, to legally stop the emissions of Greenhouse gases in two commietment period from 2008 to 2020. Although all those efforts, the soluction begins with ourselves in small actions in our daily routine, since rationalize theShow MoreRelatedIb Math Studies Ia1217 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagescom/nba/team/roster/_/name/bkn/brooklyn-netsgt;. * Toronto Raptors Roster 2012Ã Players in the NBA. N.p., n.d. Web. 25 Nov. 2012. lt;http://espn.go.com/nba/team/roster/_/name/bkn/tornto-raptorsgt;. * New York Knicks Roster 2012Ã Players in the NBA. N.p., n.d. Web. 25 Nov. 2012. lt;http://espn.go.com/nba/team/roster/_/name/bkn/new-york-knicksgt;. * Philadelphia 76Ã¢â¬â¢ers Roster 2012Ã Players in the NBA. N.p., n.d. Web. 25 Nov. 2012. lt;http://espn.go.com/nba/team/roster/_/name/bkn/philly-76ersgt;Read MoreFlood Essay828 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesthe short message system (SMS) is also provided to warn employees of related government agencies such as the Police, the Army, the Malaysian Meteorological Department (JMM), Civil Defense Department, the Department, and National Security Division (BKN) in the Prime Minister and other agencies involved (Jabatan Pengairan dan Saliran, 2013). The Meteorological Department has also provided a weather forecast web site to facilitate public access to current weather conditions. In 2001, Malaysia has introducedRead MoreFundamental Liberties in Federal Constitution2333 Words Ã |Ã 10 PagesRujuk balik artikel nie. Isu yg pnting dlm artikel nie is artikel 11)4. Dua term yg perlu diambil perhatian is profess n propagate. Profess mksudnye menganut. Semua org berhak profess agama apa pun yg dia nak. Tp,tak boleh propagate agama n iktikad yg bkn islam kpd org islam. Mksudnye tak boleh ada gerakan yg mengajak org islam untuk keluar n memahami fahaman selain drpd islam. Contohnye mcm kes jamaluddin othman. Dia ni org islam yg murtad n jadik paderi. Kesengalan dia nie adlh,dia na murtad,murtad
Tuesday, May 5, 2020
Most of your applicants went through school being told that they were the best, that they were intelligent, successful, talented.I went through school being told I was stupid.It began in first grade. My teacher told my mother that I needed extra help: tutors and summer programs for students behind in school. But hereÃ¢â¬â¢s the truth Ã¢â¬â I didnÃ¢â¬â¢t have a learning problem. I just couldnÃ¢â¬â¢t see a thing. Whenever my teacher put a lesson on the board, it was blurry. And when I would ask the student next to me what it said, I was told I was disrupting class. Soon I stopped asking.In first grade, I was put in the remedial reading group along with Marco and Emilio, two brothers from Mexico who spoke no English but soon became my friends.I was the last of three brothers to pass through elementary school. My teachers, who had watched my brothers thrive, couldnÃ¢â¬â¢t figure out why I was so bad and my brothers so good. We will write a custom essay sample on Success is believing in yourself or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page They made obvious their perception, that I was bad and stupid. And when I would look back at them, everything was a blur.At school, kids would hold their spelling test scores high over my head, bragging that they were smart and I was not. At home, my brother would taunt me by calling me the Ã¢â¬Å"bad-stupid boyÃ¢â¬ of the family. And as of then, I was. I felt stupid, and everyone seemed to agree.***Back then, I donÃ¢â¬â¢t remember trying to change peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s perceptions. But when youÃ¢â¬â¢re so young and you donÃ¢â¬â¢t know who you are other than what people tell you, you believe what they say. I believed I was bad and I believed I was stupid, and so I acted that way. I didnÃ¢â¬â¢t want glasses to see the board because making friends was all that I had. Cool kids didnÃ¢â¬â¢t wear glasses, and I needed to be cool.Teachers didnÃ¢â¬â¢t believe in me. But there was one teacher who was different, who looked at me and saw someone else. Mrs. Kirk, my sixth grade teacher, was the first person who believed that I was better. And there was one thing she said that righted the course of my academic ship.Ã¢â¬Å"YouÃ¢â¬â¢re better than you think you are,Ã¢â¬ she said as she held me late in her classroom after school. Ã¢â¬Å"YouÃ¢â¬â¢re better than you think you are.Ã¢â¬ And that was where my trouble ended. No one had believed in me, and I hadnÃ¢â¬â¢t believed in myself. But Mrs. Kirk helped change that. Mrs. Kirk had told me that I wasnÃ¢â¬â¢t bad and that I wasnÃ¢â¬â¢t stupid, and so slowly I began to play catch-up. My parents took me to the optometrist and I received eyeglasses. I entered the seventh grade, and for the first time, I could see the board. I took notes during class and there was no reason to zone out. At night, I had my parents quiz me on basic fundamentals I had never learned in elementary school.By the end of the year, I got my report card; I was on the honor roll. I continued to improve and challenge myself. I elected to join an eighth grade advanced history class that began an hour before school. By the time I started high school, I was all caught up. It was as easy as that Ã¢â¬â all I needed was a pair of glasses, some hard work, and a belief in myself.While my outlook had changed quickly, others had moved more slowly. I have not forgotten the reaction from the girl next to me when I took a seat in the first period of ninth grade Ã¢â¬â Geometry Honors.Ã¢â¬Å"What are you doing here?Ã¢â¬ To my peers, I was still not an academic. They couldnÃ¢â¬â¢t grasp the fact that I wanted to be a scholar, that I wasnÃ¢â¬â¢t bad or stupid. And it wouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t be easy to change their minds.I received my report card that year: 4.0.***If you look at my high school transcript, you would find no evidence that I was ever Ã¢â¬Å"stupid,Ã¢â¬ that I was ever an underachiever. And there is surely no evidence that anyone ever thought I was. Instead, you would have to look deeper, ignoring my grades and looking at my actions. Even though I have now excelled in school, being Ã¢â¬Å"behindÃ¢â¬ gave me the experience of feeling at a disadvantageÃ¢â¬âof knowing what it was like to have people think I was unintelligent. I have never forgotten my rootsÃ¢â¬âthe feeling of being lost in the classroom, the feeling of inferiority. I now strive in high school to share my good fortune, to raise awareness of educational inequality, and to mentor kids from disadvantaged backgrounds so that their confidence may grow.This year, I am a tutor for Sal and Heidi, two students who are seeking to become first-generation college graduates. Looking into their eyes through my well-worn glasses, I sense their fear. It is a fear of failure, and it is a fear of ridicule Ã¢â¬â which I once felt.Ã¢â¬Å"Well, some day you may fail a test,Ã¢â¬ I tell them, Ã¢â¬Å"and someone will call you stupid. Ã¢â¬ As I speak, I think of the times when I felt ashamed because I could not read.Ã¢â¬Å"But we will rise to try again,Ã¢â¬ I continue. Ã¢â¬Å"And this will make us better. With a belief in ourselves, we can succeed.Ã¢â¬ With this, Sal and Heidi smile. It may be a challenge for them to go to college, a goal that some perhaps have told them they cannot achieve. But I know they can. I know that they are better than they think they are.Sal and Heidi have not yet connected with their biggest advocates, the people who know that they will make it. And when they ask me who those people are, I tell them to start by finding a mirror Ã¢â¬â in order to succeed, they need to believe in themselves.
Thursday, April 9, 2020
Authorship in Cinema essays Flannery O'Connor's short story collection A Good Man is Hard to Find has many elements of a southern gothic work. Images of ancient castles with sliding panels create suspicious themes and settings that lead the readers into the dark and gloomy world of the southern United States. With all of the violence, horror, and dismal surroundings presented in O'Connor's stories there is too a moral message given. Later gothic work did not always explain horror like this, holding little moral value to contrast their grotesque images (notes, November 1). O'Connor's stories do include a strong moral element, frequently in the form of religious explanations. The characters within A Good Man is Hard to Find are usually ignorant and self-satisfying people, who come across "the grotesque" and are shocked into self-realization, no longer self-satisfied. These grotesque elements are usually the divine in disguise forcing the characters into introspection. In a letter Flannery O'Connor wrote sh e stated: "You have found Christ when you are concerned with other people's suffering and not your own." In this quotation we can see the moral message O'Connor was attempting to convey in her stories, and through further analysis of the work this fact can be more clearly illustrated. In the first story, A Good Man is Hard to Find, O'Connor's moral message is clearly presented. The grandmother protagonist in the story is very self-serving. She demands constant attention (although rarely getting it) and stubborn in the fact that her wishes must be carried out. She only wants to go to Tennessee to see old connections (O'Connor, pg. 1). The grandmother cannot move away from past and is at the same time confused by accuracy of past events. On the trip a road stop seems very suggestive of a hellish place: barbecue fires, Red Sammy, etc (O'Connor, pg. 6). The grandmother's lack of character judging is pointed out in this scene. She believes that R...
Monday, March 9, 2020
Power Play for Juwan Howard Essay Example Power Play for Juwan Howard Essay Power Play for Juwan Howard Essay Power Play for Howard Ã¢â¬Å"Successful negotiation involves the management of tangibles (e. g. , the price or the terms of an agreement) and also the resolution of intangiblesÃ¢â¬ . (Lewicki, Sanders, and Barry 2005 p. ) With regard to Juwan Howard, the Washington Bullets all-star free agent forward went into negotiation with David Falk over a $100 million contract that was offered by NBA. The negotiations that took place were complicated as all parties involved had to decide what the others move was going to produce. In the end Juwan Howard implemented value by comparing and contrasting the teamsÃ¢â¬â¢ offers with respect to his personal value. Howard conducted integrative negotiation procedures to produce a Ã¢â¬Å"win-winÃ¢â¬ situation for all parties concerned. To follow in this case study Team A will evaluate the benefits, costs, and risks associated with the negotiation from the perspective of all parties involved. Brief Summary of Case Study The Juwan Howard case centers on knowing the engagement rules of negotiation. In this case, the rules were many and some rules were hidden. Juwan Howard was ready to test the free agent market. His contract with his current team the Bullets was ending and he was ready to see what the market had in store for him. He loved living and playing in Washington and the fans wanted to see him take the team to the NBA Title Playoff. Thinking of Washington as home and admiring the beaches of Miami. Juwan and his agents were looking for a specific amount for his contract. One thing Juwan Howard did in the negotiation process was to let the teams give him their offer first. Howard and his agents also did research on the market and knew what the fair market value was for a player of HowardÃ¢â¬â¢s caliber. The Bullets knew what they could afford. Miami knew what they could afford and it seemed as if Miami was willing to give more to have the Michigan star. The NBA has rules for salary cap for all teams as no team is allowed to exceed a certain amount on an annual basis in salary for the players. With this the teams need to do their research. Miami seemed to be in the driverÃ¢â¬â¢s seat in the Juwan Howard obtaining game. The Bullets had given what they could and the decision was up to Juwan. Miami came in and was willing to give Juwan what he wanted, which included luxury suites and limos to the games. Juwan was in heaven and ready to be part of the Heat organization. The NBA did all the calculations and found that Miami was not in compliance with the salary cap rules. At this point, Howard was flying to Miami to look for nice houses and dinner with Coach Riley. The shock came to Juwan when he discovered the Heat could not afford him. Juwan, as he has said all along, was willing to listen to his former team again. A rule that allowed Washington to spend whatever they wanted to obtain their superstar back on the roster was called, Ã¢â¬Å"the Bird rights. This rule gave Washington a chance to negotiate with Howard again and offer anything they wanted. Washington matched the HeatÃ¢â¬â¢s offer. Juwan decided to return to his former team as the NBA was going to arbitration with the Heat because of the salary cap violation that negates HowardÃ¢â¬â¢s contract with them. Managers Evaluation of Benefits Tangible and Intangible Juwan Howard thought that the negotiation of the contract me ant that he would get the full market value for the next seven years. His effort was at a high because this will enable him to get the most bangs for his buck. If he would have decided to stay with one team then he would not get as much as he would on the market. Also if he decided to go with a losing team then he must handle the losing and misery that goes along with that. Since he had been with Washington for so long he was emotionally attached to the city and people who make it even harder to leave. The Washington Bullets looked at getting Juwan Howard back on the team because he was a good player and this can help the team be better. The bond with the fans would not be broken, either. The intangible for the team would be a loss if he decided to leave. It is not easy to find a player of this caliber and the team would not be as strong. From the perspective of Miami Heat, they had not been able to sign a contract with Mourning, who was their first choice and now they focused on Juwan Howard. He would suit the team perfectly and would help Miami win. Wes Unseld the manager of the Washington Bullets wanted Juwan Howard back. This would lead to more wins for the team and more respect. The contract was a great deal of money and the risk for the manager is he may lose his job. Pat Riley the Heats manager believed that the contract would be a problem. He wanted Juwan Howard to be part of the team but he was investigated by the league because of empty promises that may not happen. This really hurt his reputation throughout the league and the offer for Juwan might not happen if the heat did not get Mourning on the team also. Juwan HowardÃ¢â¬â¢s Evaluation Juwan Howard is in an interesting situation in that he has to choose between money and loyalty to a team and fan base that he has grown accustomed. Finding a good player such as Howard is hard to do and the Bullets are very aware of this. They are also aware of the high offer that the Miami Heat has offered their star player. Putting all they have on the table the Bullets have made an offer to Howard hoping that they are playing on his heart strings and that his loyalty to the fans and the team will keep him in Washington. Howard is also looking out for himself and working toward getting the most he can out of these teams. He seems to be playing both sides of the fence by showing tears when the Bullets are coming back with lower offers but asking for more when higher offers from other teams are coming back with offers. Howard will not be satisfied unless he can attain the Heats offer in Washington. Even after he hears a final offer from the Bullets he has no issue going to Miami, who is offering a very high salary and asking for more. This shows a very selfish side of Howard and it also shows that Howard has no intention of being satisfied with Miami; he is just in it for the perks. It is very clear that Howard has chosen money over loyalty during this negotiation process. Conclusion When a relationship is not working individuals turn to negation to redefine their relationship. From the case study Power Play for Howard, one can conclude that to obtain positive results for all parties involved in the negotiation the representatives must define what the true problem is and understand what each party wants out of the negotiation. Howard implemented value by comparing and contrasting the teamsÃ¢â¬â¢ offers with respect to his personal value. Howard conducted integrative negotiation procedures to produce a Ã¢â¬Å"win-winÃ¢â¬ situation for all parties concerned.
Saturday, February 22, 2020
The Theory of Static Trade-off - Case Study Example This theory of static trade-off presumes that subsequent to expense, debt benefits may be received. Benefits of utilizing debt includes that a challenge of free cashflow gets minimized and as well payments of interest may be deducted from taxation. As a result, a taxation gain from debts may be received. Furthermore, the bigger the rate of taxation, the greater will be the motivation to borrow. Such theory of static trade-off has for a long period subjugated the thinking concerning the capital structure; conversely it contains a few drawbacks. Maybe the major disadvantage involves that numerous huge, financially complex as well as highly productive companies make small utilization of debts within their funding. ThatÃ¢â¬â¢s contrary to the theory of static-trade-off that presumes that those companies employ comparatively mainly debt. The idea underlying the theory of static trade-off involves that those companies experience small threat of becoming insolvent and hue high tax benefit s exist from the taxation shield that is expected.The likely existence of this theory of static trade-off within the decisions of capital structure in Diageo firms will further be explained by employing frequently employed company specific factors. The logic underlying a negative association connecting the debt-free taxation shield as well as the ratio of debt and capital involves taxation reductions on such as depreciation as well as taxation credits get presumed as alternatives in favor of tax gains expected from debt funding.